Although we all have a more or less clear image of the African continent, the reality is that beyond the more than fifty countries, the Nile and the two great deserts that most of us have heard of —Sahara and Kalahari—, Children will learn that Africa is an enormous expanse (as almost sixty times Spain!), with the savannah as the main ecosystem (although by no means the only one) and 1,500 languages divided into four large linguistic families.

Get to know Africa with these facts:


The 5,892-meter-high Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, with its three dormant volcanoes and ice walls at the summit.


The majestic Nile, which beyond crossing Cairo and Alexandria, flows through ten countries across Africa. It originates in Burundi, in the region of the great lakes, and reaches the Mediterranean.


In the Great Lakes region, Lake Victoria is best known for being the second largest freshwater lake in the world.


The Sahara desert, the Kalahari desert and the Namibian desert are three of the nine great deserts that cover a large area of all of Africa. The Sahara desert is almost as big as all of China or the US and some of its dunes have reached 193 m in height. In the deserts it is very hot and it barely rains, therefore, only a few animals have adapted to this ecosystem: among the mammals are camels and dromedaries.


Some humans have lived and live in the desert: these are the Bedouins, a word that in Arabic means desert dwellers and they are nomads, that is, people who do not live in a fixed place, but travel throughout their lives.


Meerkats, like Timon from The Lion King, also live in the desert! Although in two others: the Kalahari and the Namib. Therefore, in reality, it would be difficult for him to meet Pumbaa, a warthog, who prefers arid and humid savannahs like those south of the Sahara.