Getting to know Africa from a historical point of view and its great contribution to humanity is a unique opportunity encapsulated in a blog.
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The African continent is considered the cradle of human civilization because archaeological evidence shows traces of hominids, the first primates that walked upright and that demonstrated an advanced development of intelligence.
Hominids are estimated to have lived four million years ago. Modern humans inhabited the eastern region of sub-Saharan Africa 200,000 years ago. Then they spread to the north and east, to finally advance to the rest of the world.
According to archaeological evidence, the oldest African population that inhabited before the arrival of the Europeans was located in the current region of Ghana. The Arabs were the first to reach North and West Africa through several waves of migrations. They managed to establish part of their culture in African customs, such as their religion, Islam, and their Arabic language.
The vast majority of European settlers arrived on the African continent after 1885, a time of strong struggle between settlers, especially the French and Italians. Between the 16th and 19th centuries there was the largest movement of African inhabitants forcibly taken to the New World as slaves.
The slave trade, which is estimated to have reached ten million Africans, added to the devastating wars and the diseases that the colonizers brought from other parts of the world, were the main causes of the weakness and decadence of African societies.