Unlike the endless, open space of the Serengeti, the Ngorongoro is the extinct caldera of a volcano that erupted 2.5 million years ago. The skirts that survived the explosion of its cone rise to a height of 600 meters above the plain.

Something to note is that in Ngorongoro, the animals do not migrate as they do in the Serengeti or Masai Mara of Kenya, in search of water and tender pastures. The crater, lake and a grid of wetlands provide year-round water and mud pools where hippos and elephants wallow. Of all the species, the most precious are the 24 rhinos that inhabit the park. The bad news is that it is also the most prized by poachers, which is the reason for its low number and foreseeable extinction.

For this reason, the economic footprint left by tourism is vital to maintain the defensive infrastructure of the park and pay the salaries of the rangers.