This place, considered by many as the glimpse of the cradle of humanity, is one of the most important paleontological points in the world and was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1999.

Sterkfontein (Afrikaans term for strong spring) is a group of limestone caves of special interest to paleoanthropologists, since it was at this site that the famous Taung skull fossil, belonging to an Australopithecus specimen, was found in 1924 African. There is also the Makapan Valley, where there are numerous caves with archaeological remains that testify to the presence of a 3,300,000-year-old human settlement.

This atavistic place has essential elements to be able to determine the origin and evolution of humanity, the fossils that have been found in its area have allowed the identification of several specimens of the first hominids, they constitute a vast reserve of scientific data of universal scope and a great potential, linked to the history of the oldest periods of humanity.

Excavations in these caves continue to this day and approximately 500 hominids have been found, making Sterkfontein the richest archaeological site for early hominids in the world.