Today, the Zulu are the largest ethnic group in South Africa, being one of the largest and most numerous ethnic groups in Africa. They are located in the northeast of South Africa, in KwaZulu-Natal (Zululand), as well as in small populations in countries such as Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Zambia.

The Zulu people dedicate an important part of the day to dancing and singing, especially the youngest. There are several types of dance, which usually accompany festive events such as weddings, war triumphs, births, initiations, weddings, triumphs in battle, the birth of a new member, etc … But, what is the reason that the dance is so important to them?

Perhaps the most important and pure of these dances is the one known as Ingoma, this dance is performed during transition ceremonies, such as becoming adults, weddings and periods before hunting or battles.

Another type would be the Indlamy, this type of dance is a thing of the warrior men of the town. Here, the intention is to demonstrate muscle and body strength and vigor, so the choreography is a lot like wrestling.

To show the dress, we can talk about the Imvunulo dance; to symbolize life or when there are problems within the community, the Isicathamiya; at weddings together with the already named Indalmu and Ingoma, to the Umbholoho.


It is common for Zulu men and women to dance all these dances separately.